|What happened to the camps after the war?|
After the Liberation, special criminal proceedings got under way, and those who had committed acts of maltreatment in the camps were put on trial. The Red Cross began to try to trace those who had gone missing, collecting a lot of material from the camps for this purpose. Those suspected of war crimes and collaboration were temporarily imprisoned in the former German prison camps.
Later the camps were put to new uses. Moluccan former members of the Royal Dutch East-Indian Army were housed in Vught and Westerbork, while Amersfoort was used as a police academy. To keep the memory of the German prison camps and the deportations alive, National Monuments and Memorial Centres were eventually created on the former camp sites.